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Seasonal Fruit

Buy at the right time, and your fruit will be forever sweet.

Last Updated: October 16.2014

The Gist:
  • An enormous variety of fruit is grown in Vietnam, following distinct regional seasons
  • Buy at supermarkets to avoid low-quality imported fruitA
  • Check the attached charts to select the best season to buy fruit and how to assess quality

As a tropical country, Vietnam is home to an enormous range of fruit, and from north to south, the colours of flowering and fruiting trees are visible almost everywhere. Here in the south with its more developed agriculture, the sheer variety of fruit is particularly evident. For fruit lovers domiciled in Ho Chi Minh City, spoilt for choice as they are, the only really important question that remains about what goes on the fruit platter is when to buy.

Make your selection carefully

‘Tis the Season

There are two distinct seasons in the south of Vietnam – rainy and dry. Fruiting plants that evolved in this region reflect this pattern in their life cycle, and orchardists have learnt to take advantage of this. During peak times, not an inch of available land is left devoid of a fruit tree, and the national distribution of fruit goes into regular frenzies. The same is true in the north, where seasons are more varied – technically, they have all four – although in the central areas fruit growing is hampered by annual saltwater flooding.

It hasn’t always been so well-organised: to adapt to increasing export demand, GAP (Good Agricultural Practice) standards have been gradually introduced to help farmers improve their planting techniques, resulting in a greatly increased supply and more reliable quality. This is an important improvement considering the competition – lax import procedures have occasionally been held responsible for cheap, poor-quality foreign products being introduced on the Vietnamese fruit market. Many Vietnamese people trust only local fruit even if the prices are higher, but with so much fruit traded at open markets, it’s not always possible to tell the difference.

Many Westerners prefer to shop for fruit at reputable supermarkets (such as Metro, Big C, and Co-op Mart) to avoid purchasing low-quality health-hazards – at the same time, there’s no denying that for most people the variety, freshness, and relative inexpensiveness of the fruit on sale at the market make the risks worthwhile. It also depends on the kind of fruit – some are best purchased from supermarkets where quality checks are usually made prior to putting them on the shelves, while others are best picked up at the street markets where they won’t have dried out under the supermarket air conditioning. They are multiple factors in the selection process – check our individual groceries articles for more details about specific fruits.

Prices are at a premium during Tet

Of course, to shop smart, you’ll need to know when you can expect to buy the best fruit, and what prices you can expect to pay when the fruit you’re looking for is in season. Try referring to the following chart for more information:

 JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Avocado       
Banana
Coconut
Sweetsop        
Dragonfruit         
Durian          
Grapes          
Guava       
Jackfruit          
Logan          
Lychees          
Mandarins       
Mango   
Mangosteen         
Papaya
Persimmon          
Pineapple
Pomelo          
Rambutan    
Sapodilla       
Soursop
Starfruit       
Green Orange           
Watermelon       

Prices are usually 10% higher during the Tet holidays.

Purchasing Guide

AvocadoIn season between May and September, but fairly easy to find all year round in HCMC. The skin should be a deep green and smooth. It’s best to choose heavy fruit that has a little give when squeezed.
BananaWith an astonishing number of varieties, bananas are grown all-year-round. Buy bright yellow fruit, and once dark spots start to appear, use within 2 days.
CoconutAvailable all year in many varieties. Dua Xiem is a type of coconut famous for its sweet juice. Dua Xiem is typically used only for drinking in Vietnam – using it for cooking is considered wasteful.
Custard Apple (Sweetsop)Harvested throughout the rainy season, especially in the months leading up to October. Ripe custard apples are easy to peel. If the skin has lots of black spots, it should be eaten within 1-2 days. Squeeze it slightly to make sure it’s not too firm, or if it’s covered with dark spots, it's no good. Good ones should not be too firm and have a very good smell.
DragonfruitConsidered to be in season in the summer months between June and August, but available all year in HCMC. Look for oblong fruit with perky, smooth spines. The skin should be a vibrant pinkish-red with few visible blemishes.
DurianMay and June are the peak of the season. Choose one with a fresh-looking stem and a long-lasting sweet fragrance. Scrape a coin across the spikes to see if the skin sounds crunchy.
GrapesUsually harvested between August and September. Choose bunches with large, firm berries. Avoid buying berries that have been removed from the stem, as well as those that are wrinkled, sticky, or leaking juice, as they are usually overripe and won’t taste good.
GuavaCan be found all year round, but especially from June to October.
JackfruitThis particularly aromatic fruit can be found all year round, but the picking season traditionally falls in July to August every year. Buy the yellow flesh from the middle, already removed from the skin and separated into parts. Select jackfruit pockets with a strong yellow colour.
LonganGenerally best between August and September. Choosing good longan largely depends on the type.
LycheesLychees have a very short season from Lunar April to May. Mostly grown in the highlands, they are usually dried and canned rather than eaten fresh. Buy lychees with a red peel without any bruising.
MandarinIn season from October–February. The fruit’s skin should look stretchy and glossy, and when you squeeze them they should feel soft and resilient.
MangoIn season from January to September. Good mangoes have a tight and bright peel that’s yellow without any dark spots.
MangosteenGrowing from mid-April to June. The more leaves it has, the less seeds it tends to have inside. Somewhat hard to choose; avoid those with very soft skin, which indicates rotting. If there are any obvious squishy calluses on the exterior, there will almost certainly be bruising on the meat inside.
PapayaAvailable all year. The best-tasting fresh papayas are yellowish with green spots. Select long, heavy, and ripe ones
PersimmonRipe in time for the mid-Autumn Festival (September-October). Look for a deep, rich colour. Avoid overly hard or squishy fruit.
PineappleHarvested throughout the year. Focus on the colour (the brighter, the sweeter); scent; and stem (don’t select pineapples with dried brown stems or wilted leaves)
PomeloThe season falls between August and September, but residents of Saigon can enjoy them throughout the year. Check the weight of the fruit first by flipping it to see if it’s firm and heavy; this means the fruit is juicy. The skin should also be fresh, perfectly ripe without scars.
RambutanUsually best from April to June and October to February. Choose the fresh fruit, with a crisp green-yellowish or green-red peel.
SapodillaIn season from March to May and from September to October. Look for oblong fruit with brown skin that’s starting to turn yellow and orange. Make sure that the skin is intact – there should be no cracks, bruises, or wrinkles on the surface.
SoursopGrown all year round. Somewhat larger than the custard apple, a good fruit should be green, have a good smell, and not be too soft when handled.
StarfruitIn season from February to March and also August to October, but generally available throughout the year. The yellower the fruit, the riper and sweeter it will be. Focus on selecting those with a well-proportioned star shape that are light green in colour. A good starfruit feels fresh and has plump appearance without any blight or decay.
Vietnamese OrangeAvailable throughout the year but in season from October to November. Look for a bright peel without blemishes, ideally with a green-yellowish hue and the leaves still attached. It should yield slightly to a gentle squeeze.
WatermelonBest enjoyed during the dry season from December to April. Good watermelons have a round shape and a bright green peel. Flick it to get a feel for the way it sounds - it should resonate with a firm heaviness. The stem should be deep-set.
Tran Cuong 05.14.2019

Hi, do you have similar guide for local produce in Vietnam, especially those from the South or the Mekong Delta? I really appreciate the effort you put in. Look forward to hearing from you.

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